Early growth and dry matter partitioning of yellow passion fruit as affected by time of application and method of poultry manure placement

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Crop Science and Horticulture, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria

2 Department of Crop Science, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria

Abstract

Purpose Passion fruit cultivation and utilization is fast emerging in Nigeria. Poultry farms are increasing with the corresponding increase in poultry manure production which is relatively affordable by farmers. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of placement method and time of poultry manure (PM) application on early growth and dry matter partitioning of yellow passion fruit.
Method PM placement methods were incorporation, top-dressing, bottom-dressing and split combination of top-and bottom-dressing while time of PM application comprised application at transplanting, 2, 4 and 6 weeks after transplanting (WAT). The experiments were laid out as completely randomized design, replicated five and six times, respectively for PM placement methods and time of PM application. Growth and dry matter yield were determined at two weeks' interval and 20 WAT, respectively.
Results Longest vines (78.5 cm) were significantly (p <0.05) produced by plants that were grown in PM incorporated medium. Thickest stems (6.75 mm), highest number of leaves (66.4) and dry matter accumulation were recorded in plants that received PM as top-dressing followed by PM incorporation. Application of PM at transplanting resulted in longest vines (95.8 cm), highest number of leaves (69.5) and dry matter partitioning to leaves, vines and roots.
Conclusion PM top placement performed best with respect to early growth parameters and dry matter accumulation followed by PM incorporation, hence PM top placement is recommended for production of vigorous passion fruit vines in container. Poultry manure should be applied at transplanting for vigorous vines and not delayed beyond 4 weeks after transplanting.
 

Highlights

  • Application of full dose poultry manure as top dressing or incorporation with the growing medium promotes growth and dry matter accumulation of yellow passion fruit.

 

  • Yellow passion fruit farmers are not advised to apply either the full or half dose of poultry manure as bottom dressing since this method does not promote growth and yield of the crop.

 

  • Timing of poultry manure application during yellow passion fruit production has significant influence to the growth and yield of the crop.

 

  • Poultry manure should be applied during transplanting of yellow passion fruit seedlings for optimum production and should not be delayed beyond 4 weeks after transplanting.

Keywords


Adekiya AO, Agbede TM (2017) Effect of methods and time of poultry manure application on soil and leaf nutrient concentrations, growth and fruit yield of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). J Saudi Soc Agric Sci 16: 383–388.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssas.2016.01.006
Ahmed SI, Mickelson SK, Pederson CH, Baker JL, Kanwar RS, Lorimor JC, Webber D (2013) Swine manure rate, timing, and application method effects on post-harvest soil nutrients, crop yield, and potential water quality implications in a corn-soybean rotation. T ASABE 56 (2): 395-408.
http://lib.dr.iastate.edu/abe_eng_pubs/378
Aiyelaagbe IOO, Abiola IO, Sadiku MA (2005) Growth response of juvenile passion fruit (Passiflora edulis var. flavicarpa) to organic and inorganic fertilizer in South-western Nigeria. Niger J HorticSci 10: 18-22.
https://doi.org/10.4314/njhs.v10i1.3404
Ani JU, Baiyeri KP (2008) Impact of poultry manure and harvest season on juice quality of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis var. flavicarpa Deg.) in the sub-humid zone of Nigeria. Fruits 63: 239-247. https://doi.org/ 10.1051/fruits:2008017
Appleby M (2014) The many health benefits of passion fruit consumption. Available at http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/many-health-benefits-passion-fruit-consumption2850.html. Accessed 2nd October 2014
Baiyeri KP, Tenkouano A (2007) Manure placement influenced growth and dry matter yield of plantain hybrid. Afr Crop Sci Conf Proc 8: 385-390
Baiyeri KP, Tenkouano A (2008) Variability in agricultural and biological yields of ten Musa genotypes evaluated for two cropping cycles in a sub-humid environment of Nigeria. J Crop Improv 21 (1): 27-40.
https://doi.org/10.1300/J411v21n01_03
Baiyeri KP, Ndukwe OO, Tenkouano A (2012) Effect of manure placement methods on dry matter partitioning pattern in three Musa genotypes grown in a humid agro-ecology of southern Nigeria. Niger J Hortic Sci 17: 73-79
Baiyeri KP, Ndukwe OO, Tenkouano, A (2013) Manure placement method influenced growth, phenology and bunch yield of three Musa genotypes in a humid zone of southern Nigeria. Commun Biometry Crop Sci 8 (1): 1-9
Bray RH, Kurtz LT (1945) Determination of total organic and available forms of phosphorus in soils. Soil Sci 59: 39-45
Eghball B, Power JF (1999) Composted and non-composted manure application to conventional and no-tillage systems: Corn yield and nitrogen uptake. Agron J 91: 819-825.
https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1999.915819x
Fixen PE, Reetz HF (2006) Fertilizer best management practices- making the best better. Better Crops 90 (2): 3
GENSTAT (2007) GENSTAT for Windows. Release 7.2DE Discovery Edition 3. Lawes Agricultural Trust (Rothamsted Experimental Station). VSN International Ltd., Hemel Hempstead, UK
GEOMET-NAU (Geography and Meteorology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka) (2017) Monthly meteorological report of Department of Geography and Meteorological, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
Gruhn P, Goletti F, Yudelman M (2000) Integrated nutrient management, soil fertility, and sustainable agriculture: Current issues and future challenges. Food Agric Environ Discussion Paper 32
Jackson MC (1969) Soil chemical analysis - Advanced courses. 1969 Edition, Department of Soil Science, University of Wisconsin
Jokela WE, Meisinger JJ (2008) Ammonia emissions from field applied manure: Management for environmental and economic benefits. In: Proc. of the 2008 Wisconsin Fertilizer, A glime and Pest Management Conference 47: 199–208.
http://www.soils.wisc.edu/extension/wcmc/2008/pap/Jokela.pdf
Kugbe JX, Mayiwa W, Hafiz AM, Maganoba C (2019) Increase in the use of organic fertilizers as complements to inorganic fertilizers in maintenance of soil fertility and environmental sustainability. World J Agric and Soil Sci 4 (1): 1-4.
https://doi.org/10.33552/WJASS.2019.04.000577
Lin Y, Watts DB, Way TR (2017) Poultry litter placement effects on seedling emergence and early growth stage of corn. Eur Agrophys J 4 (4): 81-99.
http://dx.doi.org/10.17830/j.eaj.2017.04.080
Mohamed AM, Sekar S, Muthukrishnan P (2010) Prospects and potential of poultry manure. Asian J Plant Sci 9: 172-182. https://doi.org/10.3923/ajps.2010.172.182
Ndukwe OO (2018) Evaluation of some horticultural practices and biochemical characterization of two genotypes of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis flavicarpa Degener) in response to poultry manure application. Dissertation, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
Ndukwe OO, Baiyeri KP (2018a) Influence of genotype and poultry manure rate on phenology and fruit yield of yellow passion fruit. Acta Hortic 1225: 139-144.
https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1225.18
Ndukwe OO, Baiyeri KP (2018b) Biochemical characterisation of fruit juice from two yellow passion fruit genotypes as influenced by poultry manure rates. Acta Hortic 1225: 295-302. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2018.1225.41
Ndukwe OO, Baiyeri KP (2018c) Combined application of organic and inorganic fertilizers influenced biochemical qualities of fruit juice from yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Deg.) genotypes. Afr J Food SciTech 9 (4): 74-83.
https://doi.org/10.14303/ajfst.2018.239
Ndukwe OO, Baiyeri KP (2019) Fruit and juice metric characteristics of two yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Degener) genotypes grown in southeastern Nigeria. Not Sci Biol 11 (3): 422-428. https://doi.org/10.15835/nsb11310410
Ndukwe OO, Muoneke CO, Baiyeri KP (2011) Effect of the time of poultry manure application and cultivar on the growth, yield and fruit quality of plantains (Musa spp. AAB). Trop Subtrop Agroecosyst 14 (1): 261-270. http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/src/inicio/ArtPdfRed.jsp?iCve=93915703026
Ozores-Hampton M (2012) Developing a vegetable fertility program using organic amendments and inorganic fertilizers. Hort Tech 22 (6): 742-750.
https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTTECH.22.6.743
Sandi D, Chaves JBP, Parreiras JFM, de Souza AG, da Silva MTC (2003) Evaluation of the sensory quality of yellow passion fruit juice (Passiflora edulis var. flavicarpa) submitted to pasteurization and storage. Bull Food Process Res Cent 21 (1): 141-158. https://doi.org/10.5380/cep.v21i1.1155
Sano S, Sugiyama K, Ito T, Katano Y, Ishihata A (2011) Identification of the strong vasorelaxing substance scirpusin B, a dimer of piceatannol, from passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) seeds. J Agric Food Chem 59 (11): 6209-6213.
https://doi.org/10.1021/jf104959t
Snyder C (2006) Fertilizer BMPs for cotton in the Midsouth. Better Crops 90 (2): 7-9
Thokchom R, Mandal G (2017) Production preference and importance of passion fruit (Passiflora edulis): A Review. J Agric Eng Food Tech 4 (1): 27-30
Walkley A, Black IA (1934) An examination of Degtajareff method of soil organic matter determination and a proposed modification of the chronic acid titration. Soil Sci 37 (1): 29-38
Yargholi B, Azarneshan S (2014) Long-term effects of pesticides and chemical fertilizers usage on some soil properties and accumulation of heavy metals in the soil (case study of Moghan plain’s (Iran) irrigation and drainage network). Int. J. Agricult. Crop. Science 7: 518-523