Compost from the food waste for organic production of cabbage, cauliflower, and radish under sub-tropical conditions

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Life Science, School of Basic Sciences, Arni University, H.P., India

2 Animal Biotechnology Laboratory, DRDO-Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (DIHAR), Chandigarh, India

Abstract

Purpose In the current scenario, food wastage is a significant concern throughout the world. This food wastage may convert to compost, and that compost may apply in the agriculture field for the better yield of crops. In this context, a field study conducted on the effects of compost prepared from food wastage on the yield of cabbage, cauliflower, and radish.
Methods The experiment consisted of twelve treatments and twelve control plants of all the plants. Field soil of both control and treatment plots were analyzed by standard methods. Standard methods took different morphological and chemical parameters of all the plants.
Results Results indicated that compost from food waste increased soil fertility. The application of manure was significantly (p < 0.01) superior over the morphological and biochemical properties of the control group plants. The application of compost increased leaf relative water content and decreased the electrolyte leakage in all the plants. The yield of cabbage (control-0.00 t•ha-1, treatment-37.05 t•ha-1), cauliflower (control-10.16 t•ha-1, treatment-22.36 t•ha-1) and radish (control-7.30 t•ha-1, treatment-20.33 t•ha-1) were significantly higher in the treatment group than the control group. The yield increment in percentages of cabbage, cauliflower, and radish was infinite %, 220.08 %, and 278.49 %, respectively. The day in terms of time, compost, and their interaction has a significant effect on the better health of cabbage, cauliflower, and radish, and more yields achieved.
Conclusion Therefore, food waste is used for making compost, which is helpful for organic cabbage, cauliflower, and radish production in a sub-tropical condition.

Keywords


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