Efficiency of compost and vermicompost in supporting the growth and chemical constituents of Salvia officinalis L. Cultivated in Sand Soil

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Microbial Inoculants Center, Dept. Agric. Microbiol., Fac. Agric., Ain Shams Univ., Shoubra El-Kheima, Cairo, Egypt

2 Dept. Microbiol., Soil, Water and Environmental Res. Inst., A.R.C., Giza, Egypt

Abstract

Purpose The effect of using compost and vermicompost or their teas on the growth and biochemical profile of Salvia officinalis cultivated in sand soil were assessed.
Methods Plants were subjected to different treatments of compost, vermicompost and their teas. The growth of common sage, Salvia officinalis was monitored as shoot fresh and dry weights (g/plant) and their oil, N, P, and K contents.
Results Among the four tested treatments of vermicompost, the treatment no. 1 (prepared from rice straw supplemented by Trichoderma harzianum and Phanerochaete chrysosporium + Cattle dung + Rock phosphate + Feldspar “12 % K2O”), showed the maximal values of shoot fresh and dry weights, oil, N, P, and K %, being in the first cut 820, 200 g/plant, 1.42, 2.80, 1.40 and 1.98 in respective order. The corresponding values in the second cut were 1152, 277 g/plant, 1.55, 3.56, 1.68 and 2.29%, respectively. Also, the maximal values of all previous parameters were recorded in the vermicompost tea treatment no1, treated as soil and foliar amendments being 730, 196 g/plant, 1.47, 2.4, 1.38 and 2.19% in the first cut and 1150, 270 g/plant, 1.64, 3.5, 1.68 and 2.38% in the second cut, respectively.
Conclusions The growth of Salvia officinalis was higher in plants treated by different vermicompost treatments, compared to those treated by compost or the control (without any supplementation).

Highlights

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Keywords


Akhtar N, Gupta K, Goyal D, Goyal A (2016) Recent advances in pretreatment technologies for efficient hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Environ Prog Sustain Energ 35:489-511. https://doi.10.1002/ep.12257

Amooaghaie R, Golmohammadi S (2017) Effect of vermicompost on growth, essential oil, and health of Thymus vulgaris. Compost Sci Util 25:166-177. https://doi.10.1080/1065657x.2016.1249314

Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Dick R, Dick L (2007) Vermicompost tea production and plant growth impacts. Biocycle 48:51.

Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Babenko A, Cannon J, Galvis P, Metzger JD (2008) Influences of vermicomposts, produced by earthworms and microorganisms from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste, on the germination, growth and flowering of petunias in the greenhouse. Appl Soil Ecol 39:91-99. https://doi.10. 1016/j.apsoil.2007.11.010

Atiyeh RM, Edwards CA, Subler S, Metzger JD (2000) Earthworm-processed organic wastes as components of horticultural potting media for growing marigold and vegetable seedlings. Compost Sci Util 8:215-223. https://doi.10.1080/1065657x.2000.10701994

Atiyeh RM, Lee S, Edwards C, Arancon N, Metzger J (2002) The influence of humic acids derived from earthworm-processed organic wastes on plant growth. Bioresour Technol 84:7-14. https://doi.10.1016/s0960-8524(02) 00017-2

Ayrle H, Mevissen M, Kaske M, Nathues H, Gruetzner N, Melzig M, Walkenhorst M (2016) Medicinal plants-prophylactic and therapeutic options for gastrointestinal and respiratory diseases in calves and piglets? A systematic review. BMC Vet Res 12:89. https://doi.10.1186/s12917-016-0714-8

Canellas LP, Olivares FL, Okorokova-Facanha AL, Facanha AR (2002) Humic acids isolated from earthworm compost enhance root elongation, lateral root emergence, and plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity in maize roots. Plant Physiol 130:1951-1957. https:// doi.10.1104/pp.007088

Chen Y, Clapp CE, Magen H (2004) Mechanisms of plant growth stimulation by humic substances: The role of organo-iron complexes. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 50:1089-1095. https://doi.10.1080/00380768.2004.10408579

Cwikla C, Schmidt K, Matthias A, Bone KM, Lehmann R, Tiralongo E (2010) Investigations into the antibacterial activities of phytotherapeutics against Helicobacter pylori and Campylobacter jejuni. Phytother Res 24:649-656. https://doi.10.1002/ptr.2933

Durling N, Catchpole O, Grey J, Webby R, Mitchell K, Foo L, Perry N (2007) Extraction of phenolics and essential oil from dried sage (Salvia officinalis) using ethanol–water mixtures. Food Chem 101:1417-1424. https://doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.03.050

Edris AE, Shalaby A, Fadel HM (2003) Effect of organic agriculture practices on the volatile aroma components of some essential oil plants growing in Egypt II: sweet Marjoram (Origanum marjorana L.) essential oil. Flavour Fragr J 18:345-351. https://doi.10.1002/ffj. 1235

El-Haddad ME, Zayed MS, El-Sayed GAM, Hassanein MK, Abd El-Satar AM (2014) Evaluation of compost, vermicompost and their teas produced from rice straw as affected by addition of different supplements. Ann Agr Sci 59:243-251. https://doi.10.1016/j.aoas.2014. 11.013

El-Sherbeny S, Khalil M, Hussein M, Aly MS (2007) Effect of sowing date and application of foliar fertilizers on the yield and chemical composition of rue (Ruta graveolens L.) herb. Herba Pol 54:47-56.

Fellah S, Diouf PN, Petrissans M, Perrin D, Romdhane M, Abderrabba M (2006) Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of Salvia officinalis L. oil from two culture sites in Tunisia. J Essent Oil Res 18:553-556. https://doi.10.1080/10412905.2006.9699165

Gorai M, Gasmi H, Neffati M (2011) Factors influencing seed germination of medicinal plant Salvia aegyptiaca L.(Lamiaceae). Saudi J Biol Sci 18:255-260.

Hargreaves JC, Adl MS, Warman PR (2009) Are compost teas an effective nutrient amendment in the cultivation of strawberries? Soil and plant tissue effects. J Sci Food Agric 89:390-397. https://doi.10.1002/jsfa.3456

Hendawy S (2008) Comparative study of organic and mineral fertilization on Plantago arenaria plant. J Appl Sci Res 4:500-506.

Ievinsh G (2011) Vermicompost treatment differentially affects seed germination, seedling growth and physiological status of vegetable crop species. Plant Growth Regul 65:169-181. https://doi.10.1007/s10725-011-9586-x

Jackson M (1973) Estimation of phosphorus content: Soil chemical analysis. Printer Hall, New Delhi, India.

Johnson JJ (2011) Carnosol: A promising anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory agent Cancer Lett 305:1-7. https://doi. 10.1016/j.canlet.2011.02.005

Joshi R, Singh J, Vig AP (2014) Vermicompost as an effective organic fertilizer and biocontrol agent: effect on growth, yield and quality of plants. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 14:137-159. https://doi.10.1007/s11157-014-9347-1

Kazimierczak R, Hallmann E, Rembiałkowska E (2014) Effects of organic and conventional production systems on the content of bioactive substances in four species of medicinal plants. Biol Agric Hortic 31:118-127. https://doi.10.1080/01448765.2014.977948

Khalil M, El-Sherbeny S (2003) Improving the productivity of three Mentha species recently cultivated under Egyptian condition. Egypt J Appl Sci 18:285-300.

Kim MJ, Shim CK, Kim YK, Hong SJ, Park JH, Han EJ, Kim JH, Kim SC (2015) Effect of aerated compost tea on the growth promotion of lettuce, soybean, and sweet Corn in organic cultivation. Plant Pathol J 31(3):259-268.  https://doi.10.5423/PPJ.OA.02.2015.0024

Kintzios SE (2003) Sage: The genus Salvia. CRC Press, Amsterdam: Harwood Academic.

Liuc J, Pank B (2005) Effect of vermicompost and fertility levels on growth and oil yield of Roman chamomile. Sci Pharm 46:63-69.

Marinari S, Masciandaro G, Ceccanti B, Grego S (2000) Influence of organic and mineral fertilisers on soil biological and physical properties. Bioresour Technol 72:9-17.  https://doi.10.1016/s0960-8524(99)00094-2

Martins N, Barros L, Santos-Buelga C, Henriques M, Silva S, Ferreira IC (2015) Evaluation of bioactive properties and phenolic compounds in different extracts prepared from Salvia officinalis L. Food Chem 170:378-385. https://doi.10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.08.096

Medina J, Monreal C, Barea JM, Arriagada C, Borie F, Cornejo P (2015) Crop residue stabilization and application to agricultural and degraded soils: A review. Waste Manag 42:41-54. https://doi.10.1016/ j.wasman.2015.04.002

Miura K, Kikuzaki H, Nakatani N (2002) Antioxidant activity of chemical components from sage (Salvia officinalis L.) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) measured by the oil stability index method. J Agr Food Chem 50:1845-1851. https://doi.10.1021/jf011314o

Mohammed S, Fayed T, Esmail A, Abdou N (2010) Growth, nutrient status and yield of Le-Conte pear trees as influenced by some organic and biofertilizer rates compared with chemical fertilizer. Bull  Fac Agric Cairo Univ 61:17-32.

Mtui GY (2009) Recent advances in pretreatment of lignocellulosic wastes and production of value added products. Afr J Biotechnol 8.

Ozkan G, Sagdic O, Gokturk RS, Unal O, Albayrak S (2010) Study on chemical composition and biological activities of essential oil and extract from Salvia pisidica. LWT-Food Sci Technol 43:186-190. https://doi.10.1016/j.lwt.2009.06.014

Pane C, Celano G, Villecco D, Zaccardelli M (2012) Control of Botrytis cinerea, Alternaria alternata and Pyrenochaeta lycopersici on tomato with whey compost-tea applications. Crop Prot 38:80-86. https://doi.10.1016/ j.cropro.2012.03.012

Pane C, Palese AM, Spaccini R, Piccolo A, Celano G, Zaccardelli M (2016) Enhancing sustainability of a processing tomato cultivation system by using bioactive compost teas. Sci Hortic 202:117-124. https://doi.10.1016/j.scienta.2016.02.034

Pant AP, Radovich TJK, Hue NV, Talcott ST, Krenek KA (2009) Vermicompost extracts influence growth, mineral nutrients, phytonutrients and antioxidant activity in pak choi (Brassica rapacv. Bonsai, Chinensis group) grown under vermicompost and 

Akhtar N, Gupta K, Goyal D, Goyal A (2016) Recent advances in pretreatment technologies for efficient hydrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass. Environ Prog Sustain Energ 35:489-511. https://doi.10.1002/ep.12257

Amooaghaie R, Golmohammadi S (2017) Effect of vermicompost on growth, essential oil, and health of Thymus vulgaris. Compost Sci Util 25:166-177. https://doi.10.1080/1065657x.2016.1249314

Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Dick R, Dick L (2007) Vermicompost tea production and plant growth impacts. Biocycle 48:51.

Arancon NQ, Edwards CA, Babenko A, Cannon J, Galvis P, Metzger JD (2008) Influences of vermicomposts, produced by earthworms and microorganisms from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste, on the germination, growth and flowering of petunias in the greenhouse. Appl Soil Ecol 39:91-99. https://doi.10. 1016/j.apsoil.2007.11.010

Atiyeh RM, Edwards CA, Subler S, Metzger JD (2000) Earthworm-processed organic wastes as components of horticultural potting media for growing marigold and vegetable seedlings. Compost Sci Util 8:215-223. https://doi.10.1080/1065657x.2000.10701994

Atiyeh RM, Lee S, Edwards C, Arancon N, Metzger J (2002) The influence of humic acids derived from earthworm-processed organic wastes on plant growth. Bioresour Technol 84:7-14. https://doi.10.1016/s0960-8524(02) 00017-2

Ayrle H, Mevissen M, Kaske M, Nathues H, Gruetzner N, Melzig M, Walkenhorst M (2016) Medicinal plants-prophylactic and therapeutic options for gastrointestinal and respiratory diseases in calves and piglets? A systematic review. BMC Vet Res 12:89. https://doi.10.1186/s12917-016-0714-8

Canellas LP, Olivares FL, Okorokova-Facanha AL, Facanha AR (2002) Humic acids isolated from earthworm compost enhance root elongation, lateral root emergence, and plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity in maize roots. Plant Physiol 130:1951-1957. https:// doi.10.1104/pp.007088

Chen Y, Clapp CE, Magen H (2004) Mechanisms of plant growth stimulation by humic substances: The role of organo-iron complexes. J Soil Sci Plant Nutr 50:1089-1095. https://doi.10.1080/00380768.2004.10408579

Cwikla C, Schmidt K, Matthias A, Bone KM, Lehmann R, Tiralongo E (2010) Investigations into the antibacterial activities of phytotherapeutics against Helicobacter pylori and Campylobacter jejuni. Phytother Res 24:649-656. https://doi.10.1002/ptr.2933

Durling N, Catchpole O, Grey J, Webby R, Mitchell K, Foo L, Perry N (2007) Extraction of phenolics and essential oil from dried sage (Salvia officinalis) using ethanol–water mixtures. Food Chem 101:1417-1424. https://doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2006.03.050

Edris AE, Shalaby A, Fadel HM (2003) Effect of organic agriculture practices on the volatile aroma components of some essential oil plants growing in Egypt II: sweet Marjoram (Origanum marjorana L.) essential oil. Flavour Fragr J 18:345-351. https://doi.10.1002/ffj. 1235

El-Haddad ME, Zayed MS, El-Sayed GAM, Hassanein MK, Abd El-Satar AM (2014) Evaluation of compost, vermicompost and their teas produced from rice straw as affected by addition of different supplements. Ann Agr Sci 59:243-251. https://doi.10.1016/j.aoas.2014. 11.013

El-Sherbeny S, Khalil M, Hussein M, Aly MS (2007) Effect of sowing date and application of foliar fertilizers on the yield and chemical composition of rue (Ruta graveolens L.) herb. Herba Pol 54:47-56.

Fellah S, Diouf PN, Petrissans M, Perrin D, Romdhane M, Abderrabba M (2006) Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of Salvia officinalis L. oil from two culture sites in Tunisia. J Essent Oil Res 18:553-556. https://doi.10.1080/10412905.2006.9699165

Gorai M, Gasmi H, Neffati M (2011) Factors influencing seed germination of medicinal plant Salvia aegyptiaca L.(Lamiaceae). Saudi J Biol Sci 18:255-260.

Hargreaves JC, Adl MS, Warman PR (2009) Are compost teas an effective nutrient amendment in the cultivation of strawberries? Soil and plant tissue effects. J Sci Food Agric 89:390-397. https://doi.10.1002/jsfa.3456

Hendawy S (2008) Comparative study of organic and mineral fertilization on Plantago arenaria plant. J Appl Sci Res 4:500-506.

Ievinsh G (2011) Vermicompost treatment differentially affects seed germination, seedling growth and physiological status of vegetable crop species. Plant Growth Regul 65:169-181. https://doi.10.1007/s10725-011-9586-x

Jackson M (1973) Estimation of phosphorus content: Soil chemical analysis. Printer Hall, New Delhi, India.

Johnson JJ (2011) Carnosol: A promising anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory agent Cancer Lett 305:1-7. https://doi. 10.1016/j.canlet.2011.02.005

Joshi R, Singh J, Vig AP (2014) Vermicompost as an effective organic fertilizer and biocontrol agent: effect on growth, yield and quality of plants. Rev Environ Sci Biotechnol 14:137-159. https://doi.10.1007/s11157-014-9347-1

Kazimierczak R, Hallmann E, Rembiałkowska E (2014) Effects of organic and conventional production systems on the content of bioactive substances in four species of medicinal plants. Biol Agric Hortic 31:118-127. https://doi.10.1080/01448765.2014.977948

Khalil M, El-Sherbeny S (2003) Improving the productivity of three Mentha species recently cultivated under Egyptian condition. Egypt J Appl Sci 18:285-300.

Kim MJ, Shim CK, Kim YK, Hong SJ, Park JH, Han EJ, Kim JH, Kim SC (2015) Effect of aerated compost tea on the growth promotion of lettuce, soybean, and sweet Corn in organic cultivation. Plant Pathol J 31(3):259-268.  https://doi.10.5423/PPJ.OA.02.2015.0024

Kintzios SE (2003) Sage: The genus Salvia. CRC Press, Amsterdam: Harwood Academic.

Liuc J, Pank B (2005) Effect of vermicompost and fertility levels on growth and oil yield of Roman chamomile. Sci Pharm 46:63-69.

Marinari S, Masciandaro G, Ceccanti B, Grego S (2000) Influence of organic and mineral fertilisers on soil biological and physical properties. Bioresour Technol 72:9-17.  https://doi.10.1016/s0960-8524(99)00094-2

Martins N, Barros L, Santos-Buelga C, Henriques M, Silva S, Ferreira IC (2015) Evaluation of bioactive properties and phenolic compounds in different extracts prepared from Salvia officinalis L. Food Chem 170:378-385. https://doi.10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.08.096

Medina J, Monreal C, Barea JM, Arriagada C, Borie F, Cornejo P (2015) Crop residue stabilization and application to agricultural and degraded soils: A review. Waste Manag 42:41-54. https://doi.10.1016/ j.wasman.2015.04.002

Miura K, Kikuzaki H, Nakatani N (2002) Antioxidant activity of chemical components from sage (Salvia officinalis L.) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) measured by the oil stability index method. J Agr Food Chem 50:1845-1851. https://doi.10.1021/jf011314o

Mohammed S, Fayed T, Esmail A, Abdou N (2010) Growth, nutrient status and yield of Le-Conte pear trees as influenced by some organic and biofertilizer rates compared with chemical fertilizer. Bull  Fac Agric Cairo Univ 61:17-32.

Mtui GY (2009) Recent advances in pretreatment of lignocellulosic wastes and production of value added products. Afr J Biotechnol 8.

Ozkan G, Sagdic O, Gokturk RS, Unal O, Albayrak S (2010) Study on chemical composition and biological activities of essential oil and extract from Salvia pisidica. LWT-Food Sci Technol 43:186-190. https://doi.10.1016/j.lwt.2009.06.014

Pane C, Celano G, Villecco D, Zaccardelli M (2012) Control of Botrytis cinerea, Alternaria alternata and Pyrenochaeta lycopersici on tomato with whey compost-tea applications. Crop Prot 38:80-86. https://doi.10.1016/ j.cropro.2012.03.012

Pane C, Palese AM, Spaccini R, Piccolo A, Celano G, Zaccardelli M (2016) Enhancing sustainability of a processing tomato cultivation system by using bioactive compost teas. Sci Hortic 202:117-124. https://doi.10.1016/j.scienta.2016.02.034

Pant AP, Radovich TJK, Hue NV, Talcott ST, Krenek KA (2009) Vermicompost extracts influence growth, mineral nutrients, phytonutrients and antioxidant activity in pak choi (Brassica rapacv. Bonsai, Chinensis group) grown under vermicompost and chemical fertiliser. J Sci Food Agric 89:2383-2392. https://doi.10.1002/jsfa.3732

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