Department of Agricultural and Environmental Science, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy
Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy
Department of Biology, University of Bari Aldo Moro Bari, Bari, Italy
Purpose Despite durum wheat accounts for only 5% of the global wheat production, it represents an economically important species, as a basic food and primary source of daily caloric intake in the Mediterranean basin area. By-products of agricultural processing, such as pomace, can be used to increase soil fertility, as they are indeed a source of important nutrients useful for crop growth. Methods The present research was carried out on durum wheat, as part of a long-term experiment. The study aimed at assessing the efects of mineral and organic fertilization with the use of wet olive pomace on a 3-year trial with crops grown in succession (fava beans—wheat—spelt). A split-plot experimental design with three replicates was used. The cultivars (Aureo and Vespucci) were assigned to the main plots and the seven fertilization treatments to the sub-plots. Results Our result showed that supplying wet olive pomace as soil improver was not sufcient to signifcantly improve soil fertility compared to the unfertilized control. However, when 60 kg ha−1 of nitrogen was supplied in coverage before tillering, in addition to 70 Mg ha−1 of wet olive pomace yield an increase of 66% in Aureo cv and of 222% in Vespucci cv, in comparison to the unfertilized crop. Conclusion The best management of fertilizers, associated with the use of more nitrogen-use-efcient genotypes, is essential for the development of a sustainable agriculture.