Growth and metabolic activities of cowpea seedlings exposed to artifcial pond wastewater‑treated soil

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

Department of Biochemistry, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

Abstract

Purpose The increase in demand for fsh has necessitated the establishment of fsh pond. The discharge of spent pond water pollutes the adjoining surroundings. The aim of this investigation was to determine the suitability of artifcial pond wastewater (APWW) as source of manure for crop cultivation.
Method Cowpea seeds were planted in polybags containing soil treated with varied amount of artifcial pond wastewater. Thereafter, growth and various metabolic properties of cowpea seedlings were determined using standard procedures.
Results Artifcial pond wastewater treatment of soil increased signifcantly (P<0.05) the growth parameters, content of biomolecules and activities of alpha amylase, starch phosphorylase and peroxidase when compared to the control. Exposure of the seedlings to APWW did not alter most oxidative stress markers compared to the control. In addition, APWW in soil signifcantly (P<0.05) increases the levels of vitamin C but had no alterations in the activities of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and sulphite oxidase (SO) of the cowpea seedlings compared to those of the controls. The activities of aldehyde oxidase (AO) and xanthine oxidase (XO) signifcantly (P<0.05) increased compared with the control.
Conclusion The major efects of APWW on plants were stimulation of growth parameters, increase in concentration of macromolecules as well as increase in activities of starch-metabolizing enzymes, and peroxidase activity with no adverse efect on antioxidant, respiratory and drug-metabolizing enzymes, thus, suggesting that artifcial pond wastewater has positive efect on cowpea seedlings and can act as organic fertilizer for cowpea cultivation.

Keywords


Abo-Shady AM, Khairi HM, Abomhra A, Elsobary M, Essa D (2017) Infuence of algal bio- treated industrial wastewater of two companies at Kafr El -Zayat city on some growth parameters of Vicia faba. Egypt J ExpBiol (Bot) 13(2):209–217. https://doi. org/10.5455/egyjebb.20170622125025

Achuba FI (2006) The efect of sub lethal concentrations of crude oil on the growth and metabolism of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seedlings. Environmentalist 26:17–20. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s10669-006-5354-2

Achuba FI (2008) African land snail Achatina marginatus, as bioindicator of environmental pollution. North- Western J Zool 4(1):1–5

Achuba FI (2014) Petroleum products in soil mediated oxidative stress in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and Maize (Zea mays) seedlings. Open J Soil Sci 4:417–435. https://doi.org/10.4236/ ojss.2014.412042

Achuba FI, Okoh PN (2014) Efect of petroleum products on soil catalase and dehydrogenase activities. Open J Soil Sci 4:399–406. https://doi.org/10.4236/ojss.2014.412040

Achuba FI, Okunbor G (2015) Abattoir wastewater attenuates kerosene toxicity on cowpea (Vigna unguiculuta) seedlings. Biokemistri 27(4):159–162

Adeniyan ON, Ojo AO, Akinbode A, Adediran JA (2011) Comparative study of diferent organic manures and NPK fertilizer for improvement of soil chemical properties and dry matter yield of maize in two diferent soils. J Soil Sci Environ Mgt 2(1):9–13

AlAbdallah NM, Basalah MO, Roushdy SS (2017) The promotive efect of algal biofertilizers on growth and some metabolic activities of Vigna unguiculata L. under salt stress conditions. Egypt J Exp Biol (Bot.) 13(2):187–195. https://doi.org/10.5455/egyje bb.20170616083640

Argaw A (2017) Organic and inorganic fertilizer application enhances the efect of Bradyrhizobium on nodulation and yield of peanut (Arachis Hypogea L.) in nutrient depleted and sandy soils of Ethiopia. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agricult 6:289–299. https://doi. org/10.1007/s40093-017-0176-4

Asagba SO, Ezedom T, Kadiri H (2017) Infuence of farmyard manure on some morphological and biochemical parameters of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) seedling grown in cadmium-treated soil. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 24(30):23735–23743. https://doi. org/10.1007/s11356-017-9988-z

Ayeni LS, Adetunji MT (2010) Integrated application of poultry manure and mineral fertilizer on soil chemical properties, nutrient uptake, yield and growth components of maize. Nat Sci 8(1):60–67

Benabderrahim MA, Elfalleh W, Belayad H, Haddad M (2017) Efect of date palm waste compost on forage alfalfa growth, yield, seed yield and minerals uptake. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agric. https:// doi.org/10.1007/s40093-017-0182-6

Bhattacharjee S (2014) Membrane lipid peroxidation and its conflict of interest: the two faces of oxidative stress. Curr Sci 107(11):1811–1823

Bray EA, Bailey-Serres J, Weretilnyk E (2000) Responses to abiotic stresses. In: Buchannan B, Gruissem W, Jones R (eds) Biochemistry and molecular biology of plants. American Society of Plant Biology, Rockville, pp 1158–1203

Cassman KG, Dobermann A, Walters DT, Yang H (2003) Meeting cereal demand while protecting natural resources and improving environmental quality. Ann Rev Environ Resour 28:315–358

Chanda SV, Singh VD (1997) Changes in peroxidase and IAA oxidase activities during wheat grain development. Plant Physiol Biochem 35:245–250

Duxbury AC, Yentsch CS (1956) Plankton pigment nomographs. J Mar Res 15(4):92–101 El-Batanony NH (2017) Synergetic efect of combination of Gracilaria dendroides extract and Azospirillum lipoferaum on growth and yield of sunfower (Helianthus annuus L.). Egypt J Exp Biol (Bot) 13(3):31–40. https://doi.org/10.5455/egyjebb.20170 207082848

Eme OI, Onyishi AO, Uche OA, Uche IB (2014) Food insecurity in Nigeria: a thematic exposition Arabian. J Bus Mgt Rev 4(1):1–14 (OMAN Chapter)

Fadaeifard F, Raissy M, Faghani M, Majlesi A, Farahani GN (2012) Evaluation of physicochemical parameters of wastewater from rainbow trout fsh farms and their impacts on water quality of Koohrang stream—Iran. Intl J Fish Acqua 4(8):170–177

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nation) (2014) The state of world fsheries and aquaculture. Opportunities and Challenges, FAO, Rome, p 243

Gaetani G, Ferraris A, Rolfo M, Mangerini R, Arena S, Kirkman H (1996) Predominant role of catalase in the disposal of hydrogen peroxide within human erythrocytes. Blood 87(4):1595–1599

Ghate SR, Burtle GJ, Gascho GJ (1993) Reuse of water from catfsh ponds. In: Proceedings of the 1993 Georgia Water Resources Conference, held April 20 and 21, 1993, at The University of Georgia, Hatcher KI (ed) Institute of Natural Resources, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, pp 391–393

Godfray HCJ, Beddington JR, Crute IR, Haddad L, Lawrence D, Muir JF, Pretty J, Robinson S, Thomas SM, Toulmi C (2010) Food security: the challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science 327(5967):812–818. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1185383

Golabi MH, Denney MJ, Iyekar C (2004) Use of composted organic wastes as alternative to synthetic fertilizers for enhancing crop productivity and agricultural sustainability on the tropical island of Guam. In: ISCO 2004—13th International Soil Conservation Organization Conference—Brisbane, July 2004, pp 218–234

Gupta RP, Gigras H, Mohapatra GV, Kumar A, Chauhan B (2003) Microbial amylases: a biotechnological perspective. Proc Biochem 38:1599–1616

Hussain N, Abbasi T, Abbasi SA (2017) Enhancement in the productivity of ladies fnger (Abelmoschus esculentus) with concomitant pest control by the vermicompost of the weed salvinia (Salviniamolesta, Mitchell). Int J Recycl Org Waste Agric 6:335–343. https ://doi.org/10.1007/s40093-017-0181-7

Iren OB, Asawalam DO, Osodeke VE, John NM (2011) Comparative efects of animal manures and urea fertilizer on soil properties in a rainforest ultisol. J Agric Res Pollut 6(2):51–56

Iren OB, Akpan JF, Ediene VF, Asanga EE (2015) Infuence of cassava peels and poultry manure-based compost on soil properties, growth and yield of waterleaf (Talinum triangulare Jacq) in an ultisol of south-eastern Nigeria. J Soil Sci Environ Mgt 6(7):187–194

John NM, Uwah DF, Iren OB, Akpan JF (2013) Changes in maize (Zea mays L.). Performance and nutrients content with the application of poultry manure, municipal solid waste and ash Composts. J Agric Sci 5(3):270–277

Johns DG (1967) Human liver aldehyde oxidase: diferential inhibition of oxidation of charged and uncharged substrates. J Clin Invest 46:1492–1505

Kaiglova A, Reichrtova E, Aclamcakova A, Wsolora L (2001) Lactate dehydrogenase activity in human placenta following exposure to environmental pollutants. Physiol Res 50:525–528

Kajimura M, Croke SJ, Glover C, Wood CM (2004) Dogmas and controversies in the handling of nitrogenous wastes: the efect of feeding and fasting on the excretion of ammonia, urea and other nitrogenous waste products in rainbow trout. J Exper Biol 207:1993–2002

Khaliq SJA, Al-Busaidi A, Ahmed M, Al- Wardy M, Agrama H, Choudri BS (2017) The efect of municipal sewage sludge on the quality of soil and crops. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agric 6:289–299. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40093-017-0176-4

Lichtenthaler HK (1987) Chlorophylls and carotenoids: pigments of photosynthetic biomembranes. In: Packer L, Douce R (eds) Methods in enzymology. Academic Press, New York, pp 350–382

Lowry OH, Rosebrough NJ, Farr AL, Randal RJ (1951) Protein measurement with the folin phenol reagent. Biol Chem 193:265–275 Macleod RM, Farkas W, Fridovich I, Handler I (1961) Purification and properties of hepatic sulphite oxidase. J Biol Chem 236:1841–1846

Maheshbabu HM, Hunje R, Biradar NK, Babalad HB (2008) Efect of organic manures on plant growth, seed yield and quality of soybean. Karnataka J Agric Sci 21(2):219–221

Mazid M, Khan TA, Khan ZH, Quddusi S, Mohammad F (2011) Occurrence, biosynthesis and potentialities of ascorbic acid in plants. Intl J Plant Animal Environ Sci 1(2):167–184

Meso BM, Wood WC, Karanja NK, Veverica KL, Woomer PL, Kinyali SM (2007) Efect of Fish Pond Efuents Irrigation on French Beans in Central Kenya. Comm Soil Sci Plant Anal 35(7– 8):1021–1031. https://doi.org/10.1081/CSS-120030578

Mhamdi A, Queval G, Chaouch S, Van Breusegem F, Noctor G (2010) Catalase function in plants: a focus on Arabidopsis mutants as stress-mimic models. J Exp Bot 61(15):4197–4220. https://doi. org/10.1093/jxb/erq282

Moustafad YMM, Haddad SA, Ahmed MMR (2017) Infuence of biofertilization with the red yeast (Phafa rhodozyma) on growth, yield and inulin content of jerusalem artichoke. Egypt J Exp. Biol (Bot.) 13(1):111–117. https://doi.org/10.5455/egyjebb.20170 313105731

Naddaf K, Jaafarzadeh N, Mokhtari M, Zakizadeh B, Sakian MR (2005) Efects of wastewater stabilization pond efuent on agricultural crops. Intl J Environ Sci Technol 1(4):273–277

Nelson DL, Cox MM (2005) Lehninger principles of biochemistry, 4th edn. WH Freeman & Co, New York Nwaogu LA, Onyeze GO (2014) Efect of chronic exposure to petroleum hydrocarbon pollution on oxidative stress parameters and histology of liver tissues of native fowl (Gallus domestics). Intl J Biochem Res Rev 4(3):233–242

Ojobor SA, Tobih FO (2015) Efects of fsh pond efuent and inorganic fertilizer on amaranthus yield and soil chemical properties in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria. J Agric Environ Sci 4(1):237–244. https://doi.org/10.15640/jaes.v4n1a29

Omofunmi OE, Adewumi JK, Adisa AF, Alegbeleye SO (2016) To assess the impact catfsh farm efuents on water quality of majidun stream, south-west, Nigeria. J Environ Sci Toxicol Food Technol 10:28–35

Pandey VP, Awasthi M, Singh S, Tiwari S, Dwivedi UN (2017) A comprehensive review on function and application of plant peroxidases. Biochem Anal Biochem 6:308. https://doi. org/10.4172/2161-1009.1000308

Pulatsu S, Rad F, Köksal G, Aydın F, Benli ACK, Topçu A (2004) The impact of rainbow trout farm efuents on water quality of Karasu Stream, Turkey. Turkish J Fisher Aquat Sci 4:09–15

Radin R, Bakar RA, Ishak CF, Ahmad SH, Tsong LC (2018) Biocharcompost mixture as amendment for improvement of polybaggrowing media and oil palm seedlings at main nursery stage. Int J Recycl Org Waste Agricult. 7(1):11–23. https://doi.org/10.1007/ s40093-017-0185-3

Rani P, Meena UK, Karthikeyan J (2004) Evaluation of antioxidant properties of berries. Indian J Clin Biochem 19(2):103–110. https ://doi.org/10.1007/BF02894266

Sajan MP, Satav JG, Bhattacharya RKC (1995) Activity of some respiratory enzymes and cytochrome contents in rat hepatic mitochondria following afatoxin B1 administration. Toxicol Lett 80(1–3):55–60

Singh BB, Steinnes H (1976) Uptake of trace element by barley in Zinc polluted soil’. Soil Sci 121(1):38–43 Stirpe F, Della Corte E (1969) Regulation of rat liver xanthine oxidase. Conversion in vitro of the enzyme activity from dehydrogenase (type D) to oxidase (type O). J Biol Chem 244(1969):3855–3863

Tietz NW (1982) Fundamentals of clinical chemistry, 2nd edn. W.B. Saunder Co., New York, pp 994–995 Trinder P (1969) Quantitative determination of glucose using the GOD–PAP method. Clin Biochem 6:24–27

Udoh DJ, Iren OB (2016) Evaluation of fsh pond efuent as an organic fertilizer in comparison with poultry and pig manures in the cultivation of pineapple (Ananas comosus). IOSR J Agric Vet Sci 9(9):5–10

Udoh DJ, Iren OB, Jonathan JE (2016) Comparison of fsh pond wastewater with manures under garden egg in Nigeria. Environ Nat Resour Res 6(3):58–64. https://doi.org/10.5539/enrr.v6n3p58

UNDP (2006). Niger delta human development report, pp 229

Wood CW, Meso MB, Veverica KL, Karanja N (2001) Use of pond efuent for irrigation in an integrated crop/aquaculture system. In: Gupta A, McElwee K, Burke D, Burright J, Cummings X, Egna H (eds) Eighteenth annualtechnical report. Pond Dynamics/ Aquaculture CRSP. Oregon State University, Corvallis, pp 69–77

Xiao Z, Storms R, Tsang A (2006) A quantitative starch-iodine method for measuring alpha-amylase and glucoamylase activities. Anal Biochem 351(1):146–148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. ab.2006.01.036

Zhang Y (2013) Ascorbic acid in plants; biosynthesis, regulation and enhancement. Brie Plant Sci 117:8–33