Impact of textile sludge on the growth of red amaranth (Amaranthus gangeticus)

Authors

1 Department of Environmental Sciences, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

2 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing, China

3 Department of Chemistry, Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh

4 Chemistry Division, Atomic Energy Centre, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh

5 Institute of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Abstract

Purpose In Bangladesh, the sludge of textile effluent treatment plant has been considered as a potential environmental threat due to its huge volume and chemical content. Thus, the present study was carried out to assess the reuse possibility/potentiality of textile sludge in agricultural applications. Method Textile sludge was applied at different loading ratios (0–100 % sludge) with soil for the pot cultivation of red amaranth (Amaranthus gangeticus); subsequently, chemical analyses were carried out on the harvested plants. Results The results showed that the content of plant nutrients nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K) and iron (Fe) in sludge was significant compared to organic manure along with a high content of total organic carbon (TOC). The growth parameters (height, number of leaves, leaf area and root length) of red amaranth were affected by the application of textile sludge. Maximum plant growth was observed in the 100 % sludge treatment group, maybe because of the high content of plant nutrients. However, the root length and number of leaves were not significantly affected by the sludge. The plant analyses implied that addition of textile sludge did not increase the content of copper (Cu), cobalt (Co), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni) and manganese (Mn), but lead (Pb), chromium (Cr), zinc (Zn) and iron (Fe) content crossed the maximum permissible limit set by FAO/WHO. Conclusion Textile sludge can improve the nutrient contents of pot soil and growth of red amaranth, which is revealed by pot experiments. Therefore, it can be used as soil improver if Pb, Cr, Zn and Fe content can be controlled in the textile sludge.

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